Linux Operating System – How It Is Different from Other OS


There is an ongoing battle between Linux and Windows OS. This age-old rivalry has resulted in wars and disagreements on the Internet. Both of these operating systems are highly popular in today’s market. Choosing the best one from them is a difficult decision.

In this article, we are going to compare these operating systems in various aspects. This will help gain a proper understanding of these OSs.

What is Windows?

Windows is a licensed OS. Its first version came in 1985 as Windows 1.0 after the setup of Microsoft. Its source code is not accessible. It is majorly designed for all those business owners, individuals, and commercial users who do not know computer programming knowledge. It is easy and straightforward to use.

Features of Windows OS:

  • Multiple operating environments
  • Client-server computing
  • Symmetric multiprocessing
  • Virtual memory
  • Integrated caching
  • Portability
  • Preemptive scheduling
  • Extensibility

Now let us learn about the Linux operating system.

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What is Linux OS?

Linux is a free to access and open-source OS. It was created in 1991 by a Finnish student named Linus Torvalds. It is based on the standards of UNIX. It offers a user interface and programming interface compatibility with its users.

It also has several separately built elements, which are free from proprietary code. The monolithic kernel in the Linux kernel offers performance benefits to the user. It enables a majority of drivers to dynamically unload and load at run time. In 1992, Linux started its distributed under GNU General Public License.

Comparison between Windows and Linux:

Here we would compare both these OS on a few factors.

  • Users

Linux has three types of users i.e., Regular, Service users, and Administrative (root). Windows has four types of user accounts such as Standard, Child, Guest, and Administrator.

  • Usage

Based on the market research, it was found that 92.63% of the total personal computers in the world run Windows OS and hardly 1% of them use Linux. For a majority of users, Linux is difficult to operate by a user with no technical background. Due to this reason, its use is limited to a household. Linux is majorly used in corporate servers.

  • Kernel

Linux works with a monolithic kernel that takes up more space at the time of execution. On the other hand, Windows uses the space-efficient micro-kernel. However, it lowers the running efficiency of the system compared to Linux.

  • File Systems

In Windows OS, there are data drives like C: \>, D: \>, and E :\> that stores the system and user files and folders. In Linux, files are arranged in a tree-like structure that begins with the root directory, and branches out to several sub-directories.


The above information gives you a more impartial look at Linus and Windows operating systems. Both these systems have their pros and cons. Linux offers higher security and affordability than Windows but the latter is ideal for an individual with no programming knowledge. So, based on your priorities and preferences, you can make the right selection.